Co to jest witamina C

What is Vitamin C

What is vitamin C – ascorbic acid (vitamin C) is a low molecular weight organic compound that is not synthesized by the body and is supplied only with food. On the one hand, it binds free radicals in the absence of enzymes, on the other hand, it acts as a coenzyme for a number of metabolic processes. The connection is also needed for the synthesis of connective tissue, bone formation.

What is ascorbic acid?

What is vitamin C, or ascorbic acid? It is a water-soluble organic compound that belongs to the essential nutrients. It is an antioxidant, it is not synthesized in the human body and accumulates in tissues in minimal amounts, therefore its reserves should be constantly replenished with food or dietary supplements. It has a strong antioxidant function and neutralizes free radicals in cells, protects against oxidative stress. It is a coenzyme of many metabolic processes.

It takes part in the formation of collagen, carnitine biosynthesis, iron absorption, conversion of dopamine to norepinephrine. In addition, vitamin C is necessary for wound healing and tissue regeneration, for the implementation of adrenal function, secretion of hormones and interferons. And also the metabolism of folic acid, tyrosine, phenylalanine. It increases iron absorption, lowers blood cholesterol and helps lower high blood pressure. Ascorbic acid helps to strengthen the body’s defenses, strengthens the immune response in infectious diseases.

Benefits of regular use of ascorbic acid

  • Stable blood pressure
  • Regular elimination of toxins
  • Stimulation of immunity in the fight against bacteria, viruses, parasites
  • Sufficient synthesis of hormones
  • Better iron absorption
  •  As a result – energy, positive attitude, slowing down age-related changes and quick recovery.

What products contain ascorbic acid?

Ascorbic acid is associated with acidic foods such as lemon. However, it is also present in other fruits and vegetables used to treat vitamin deficiency.

Record fruits and vegetables in terms of vitamin C content in 100 g:

  • Rosehip rightfully occupies the position of the main antioxidant in proportions of 1200 mg in dried and 650 mg in fresh berries.
  • Coriander is considered the best green herb for a reason – 500 mg.
  • Red vegetable pepper contains 250 mg.
  • Blackcurrant is famous for its healing properties. Together with 200 mg of ascorbic acid, it contains a whole set of vitamins B, P, K.
  • Sea buckthorn 200 mg is also useful.
  • Dried Boletus 150 can also be noted.
  •  Parsley 125 mg in green mass.
  • Wild garlic 200 mg.
  • Green peppers (125), broccoli (136) and Brussels sprouts (120), dill (100).
  • There is a lot of ascorbic acid in milk, offal (liver, kidneys), fish.

Symptoms of hypovitaminosis – deficiency

Indications for taking vitamin C may be the following symptoms:

  • Apathy
  • Tiredness
  • Dry skin and hair
  • Long-term tissue regeneration
  • Colds
  • Hemorrhagic rash on the body due to the fragility of the capillaries, bleeding from the gums.

Types of manufactured dietary supplements with ascorbic acid

You can choose one of the forms of dietary supplements with vitamin C: tablets and capsules, powder dissolution, infusion solution, lozenges. Solutions in ampoules for intramuscular injection are used under the supervision of a physician.

  • Vitamin C in hard tablets, capsules and in the form of jellies for colds is used after or during meals to reduce the destructive effect on the gastric mucosa. The tablets are available in doses of 100 to 1000 mg.
  • Soluble vitamin C in the form of effervescent tablets is pleasant to use – the warm composition will warm up a sore throat. It should be borne in mind that after taking the mousse, the acidity of gastric juice increases. For people with stomach ulcers, high acidity, another form of supplement is recommended.
  • What is Vitamin C Powder? It is just as effective as any other form. It increases secretion in the stomach, thanks to which the prepared drink is drunk after a meal.
  • The capsules contain a powder that is encapsulated to protect the gastric mucosa. The shell dissolves once it enters the intestines. There are also preparations with additives with a combined effect, for example with blueberry, or dietary supplements that are wild rose extract, getting into the body, have a complex effect. These ingredients reinforce each other’s action.

Stimulation of immunity with ascorbic acid

Ascorbic acid is involved in important metabolic processes that ensure an adequate response to pathogens and viruses. Therefore, it is necessary to use vitamin C regularly, and not once, in the prevention of colds, in accordance with the dose recommended by the doctor. The effectiveness of the drug has been confirmed by research and practice. The needs of different people depend on many factors, adapted to the individual condition. A common reason for increasing the daily intake of vitamin C is the increase in morbidity during the season of colds and viral infections. At the first signs of infection, the dose is doubled for 2-3 days.

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